crime, punishment, foreign state, mitigating and aggravating circumstances, sentencing of juveniles


This article discusses the general principles of sentencing, the criminal basis of some foreign countries, juveniles, the circumstances that aggravate and aggravate the punishment of physical labor in foreign countries, their specific features and its provision. There is also a detailed procedure for imposing penalties on minors in some foreign countries, where there are cases of personal punishment and theft of minors.



Stephen J.F. A History of the Criminal Law of England. In Three Volumes. Vol.I.L.,2008. P-21.

“Removing Children in Conflict with the Law from the Justice System: International Standards and Practices” - UNICEF. 2017 y. April. B-1.

“Removing Children in Conflict with the Law from the Justice System: International Standards and Practices” - UNICEF. 2017 y. April. B-1.

Allanova A. Aggravating circumstances of illegal travel abroad or illegal entry into the Republic of Uzbekistan //Review of law sciences. – 2020. – Т. 4. – №. 1. – С. 3.

“Removing Children in Conflict with the Law from the Justice System: International Standards and Practices” - UNICEF. 2017 y. April. B-3.

“Қонун билан зиддиятдаги болаларни адлия тизимидан чиқариш: Халқаро андозалар ва тажрибалар”-Юнисеф. 2017 й. Апрел. Б-5.

Sherman, L.W.Gottfredson, D., MacKenzie, D., Eck, J., Reuter, P.&Bushway,S.(1998) PreventingCrime: What Works, What Does not, What is Promising, a report to the United States Congress, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland

Sallybanks. J. (2003) What Works in Reducing Young Peoples Involvement in Crime? Аustralian Institute of Criminology

Sherman, L.W., Strang, H&Woods, D.J. (2000). Recidivism Patterns in the Canberra Re-integrativeExperiments (RISE). Centre for Restorative Justice. Research School of Social Sciences. Australian National University, Canberra


Allanova A. Leaving and entering illegally the Republic of Uzbekistan (instructions and specific features) //Review of law sciences. – 2018. – Т. 2. – №. 2. – С. 29.

Ulugbek Aloev. Qunduz Rozimova. Korrupsiyani keltirib chiqarishga taʼsir etuvchi omillar. 2021. Yurisprudentsiya 5-son. B-166-174 13. Хакимов К. Б. Қилмишнинг жиноийлигини истисно қилувчи ҳолатлар тушунчаси ва ўзига хос жиҳатлари //журнал правовых исследований. – 2021. – Т. 6. – №. 1. (Xakimov K. B. B. The concept and specific features of circumstances excepting the criminality of the crime // Jurnal pravovyx isledovaniy. - 2021. - Т. 6. - №. 1.)

Ҳакимов К. Questions of improving the individual articles of the criminal code in the process of further deepening of democratic reforms (Criminal code 98, 106-ARTICLES) //Юридик фанлар аҳборотномаси. – 2017. – №. 2. – С. 118-121. (Review of law sciences) 15. Хакимов К. Distinctions in crimes committed in the state of affect are similar to crimes of similar complex crimes //Юридик фанлар аҳборотномаси. – 2019. – №. 3. – С. 143-148. (Review of law sciences) 16. Худайкулов Ф. Х. Жиноят таркиби объектив томони зарурий ва факультатив белгиларининг жиноят-ҳуқуқий аҳамияти: таҳлил ва таклиф //Журнал правовых исследований. – 2021. – Т. 6. – №. 1. (Xudaykulov F. X. Criminal-legal significance of necessary and optional features of the objective aspect of the crime structure: analysis and proposal // Journal of research research. - 2021. - Т. 6. - №. 1.) 17. Xudaykulov F. Theoretical aspects of facultative signs of the objective side of crime and their legal significance //ProAcademy. – 2018. – Т. 1. – №. 4. – С. 75-79.

Qunduz Rozimova. Some Features of Improving the Penal Institution for Several Crimes in the Criminal Law of Uzbekistan in the Fight against Corruption. Journal Of Adv Research in Dynamical & Control. Vol. 12, Issue-02, 2020. – DOI:10.5373/JARDCS/V12SP2/SP20201071

Абзалова Х. М. и др. Меры предупреждения преступлений против личности (умышленное убийство). опыт некоторых зарубежных стран //Universum: экономика и юриспруденция. – 2021. – №. 9 (84). – С. 26-30.

Шамсиддинов З. Вопросы действия уголовного закона во времени в законодательстве некоторых зарубежных стран: сравнительный анализ //Review of law sciences. – 2020. – Т. 1. – №. Спецвыпуск.